Tag Archives: kids

Persistent Pathogens : Dedicated Defense

These are our children. We’d do anything for them, right?

kids

Helping them grow up with healthy smiles takes a little wrangling with microbes, though. Consider the results of a study published in last December’s Journal of Oral Microbiology:

The Oregon Health & Science University School of Dentistry have determined that certain genetic strains of bacteria are dominant in children one year after treatment for microbial-caused plaque and tooth decay, and six new previously undetected minor strains were identified.

Some of these, they found, are resistant to xylitol, well-known for its ability to prevent cavities.

But while some kinds of oral flora can cause problems, we rely on others to maintain good health. Think of this: Bacteria make up more than 10 times the number of your body cells. In fact, our bodies are the host to more than 100 trillion microbes, many of which are not just beneficial but necessary.

Think of your body as an enclosed ecosystem. It is only when the ecosystem is out of balance that the populations shift and the pathogens (microbes that can make us sick) overpopulate and gain a foothold, contributing to illness.

Oral health is all about keeping the oral flora in proper balance.

Persistent or not, the mere presence of microbes doesn’t spell doom for your child’s teeth. Cavities are preventable.

Many factors can make the difference at dental check-up time. Frequent snacking and dry mouth are important to avoid. But the best route to a healthy mouth is based on good hygiene and diet.

And what makes hygiene “good”?

  • Waiting 20 to 30 minutes after eating to clean your teeth. (When you eat, oral conditions turn acidic for a while. This delay allows them to neutralize. Brushing right away can actually damage teeth and gums.)
  • Brushing with a soft-bristled brush and toothpaste containing no fluoride or sodium lauryl sulfate.
  • Flossing and using a proxy brush to clean the areas your toothbrush can’t get to.

When it comes to diet, balanced, varied and nutrient-rich is the key, with many more whole foods – including fresh produce and whole grains – than processed. There are a couple kinds of foods, though, to be careful about: sugars and fermentable carbohydrates (carbs that are digested as sugar). These are the preferred foods of decay- and disease-causing microbes, and because they tend to stick to the teeth, they give the pathogens that much more time to feed. These include

  • Soft drinks of all kinds – soda, energy drinks, sports drinks. (And no, diet drinks aren’t the solution, for their acids can still damage tooth enamel, making teeth more decay-prone. More, research now suggests they may raise risk of diabetes, as well!)
  • Fruit juice. (Fresh whole fruit is great!)
  • Candy – especially chewy candies that easily stick to and get wedged between teeth. (If sweets are desired, chocolate is most tooth-friendly.)
  • Dried fruit (the stickiness factor again).
  • French fries and Tater Tots.
  • White bread and pasta.
  • Cake, pie and cookies.

Along similar lines, if your child uses an inhaler for asthma, it can leave an acidic residue. So whenever possible, do let them brush after using their inhalers.

The more dedicated you are to practicing and instilling healthy habits like these, the better your defense against persistent decay.

More tips for helping your little ones develop good oral health habits and healthy smiles

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Filed under Dental Health, Dental Hygiene

4 Things You Might Not Know About Kids’ Oral Health

 

Some interesting facts as we wind down National Children’s Dental Health Month:

  1. Oral health affects how kids do in school.
    According to research published in the American Journal of Public Health, children with poor oral health are three times more likely to miss school because of dental pain and do tend worse academically. Missing class isn’t the issue. Kids who skip school to get routine preventive care show no drop in academic performance.
  2. Bacteria that cause tooth decay can colonize before the teeth come in.
    Earlier this year, scientists using DNA sequencing identified hundreds of bacterial species in the saliva of infants. These included S. mutans, which plays a very big role in the development of early childhood caries (EEC). Such findings underscore the need to begin oral hygiene early and take your child for their first dental visit shortly after their first tooth erupts or around their first birthday.
  3. Teething gels that contain benzocaine can be a problem.
    Benzocaine is a pain-killer commonly found in products such as Orajel, and the FDA recommends against it for teething infants. Why? Such gels raise the risk of methemoglobinemia, or “blue baby syndrome” – a blood disorder that keeps oxygen from getting to the body’s cells. Let your child use teething rings instead, or gently massage their gums with your finger.
  4. Secondhand smoke can damage children’s teeth and gums.
    Studies have found that children regularly exposed to secondhand smoke have more cavities, worse periodontal health and factors that exacerbate both problems: reduced salivary flow, more acidic saliva and higher levels of pathogenic bacteria.

Image by CarbonNYC, via Flickr

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Want Your Kids to Eat More Veg & Fruit? Try Smiling!

A while back, I shared some tips for encouraging children to eat healthy foods. Now there’s one more tip to add, courtesy of a new study, published in the journal Obesity: Smile while eating something you want your kids to eat.

Photos of people happily eating a child’s favorite food made them want it even more, while a photo of a person looking “disgusted” by that same food tended to make the children want it less. If a child disliked a certain food, seeing someone with a pleasant expression eating it made the child more open to trying that food.

These results build on a study published in late 2008 in Preventive Medicine suggesting that parents can increase the amount of fruits and vegetables their children eat simply by eating more themselves. For every extra serving of fruit or vegetable eaten by a parent, their child ate an extra half serving.

“We have always known that parents have a tremendous influence on what their children eat,” said Dr. Elizabeth Pivonka, president and CEO of Produce for Better Health Foundation (PBH). “These two studies demonstrate that this influence extends from simply making fruits and vegetables available for their children, to modeling their own enjoyment of eating a healthy diet.”

Pivonka says that parents can shape their children’s eating habits and help them develop a healthy attitude toward food. “But, be careful not to send mixed signals. Don’t be the mom who insists that her kids eat breakfast and then skips the meal herself or the dad who tells his kids to eat all their vegetables and then won’t eat them himself.”

Some other pointers for modeling positive behavior from the PBH Foundation:

  • Show kids how enjoyable healthy foods can be with comments like “Wow, that tastes good!” or “Look how colorful!”
  • Be a good role model. Eat the way you want your child to eat. Choose a variety of healthy foods from all the food groups, eat in moderation and make exercise part of your regular routine.
  • Don’t ban foods. Kids will encounter cookies, chips and other treats when they’re away from home. Allow them to explore, but at the same time teach them what their bodies need. The goal is to enjoy a varied healthy diet, which allows for occasional indulgences.
  • Get kids in the kitchen. From an early age, involve children in preparing food. Children love being involved; they love feeling like they’re helping. If they feel they’re part of the process, they’re more likely to try the finished product.

For more tips on getting more fresh produce into your diet, do check out the PBH’s Fruits & Veggies – More Matters site. You’ll find a ton of excellent information there, including a database of over 1,000 recipes, many of which can be made in 30 minutes or less, videos about fruit and vegetable selection, storage and preparation, and tips for eating healthy on a budget.

Images by Mr. Wright and Bruce Tuten, via Flickr

Media materials from PBH were used in this article.

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